March 6, 2012 – Washington, D.C. – The Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (CIDH) publishes today the Second Report on the Situation of Human Rights Defenders in the Americas, which presents updated information on the situation of defenders in the region and on the applicable standards of international law. Moreover, it provides a follow-up to the first report, published by the IACHR on March 7, 2006.

The report was presented today in Geneva, in the context of the sessions of the United Nations Human Rights Council. The IACHR Rapporteur on the Rights of Human Rights Defenders, Commissioner José de Jesús Orozco, and the IACHR Executive Secretary, Santiago A. Canton, were in charge of the presentation in a seminar with the participation of the UN Rapporteur on this issue, Margaret Sekaggya. The seminar was organized by the International Service for Human Rights (ISHR). The report will also be presented in Washington, D.C., on March 28, 2012, in the context of the 144th Period of Sessions of the IACHR.

The report has four chapters: (1) problems faced by human rights defenders in the region; (2) human rights defenders at particular risk; (3) independence and impartiality of justice operators as a guarantee of access to justice; and (4) protection mechanisms for human rights defenders.

The Commission recognizes that some Member States have made significant efforts in order to comply with the recommendations established in the 2006 report. Notwithstanding these efforts, the obstacles pointed-out in the 2006 report persist, and in some cases, they have intensified. There is a continuance of murders, assaults, forced disappearances, threats, illegal searches, as well as in the statements by high-level authorities discrediting and stigmatizing the work of defending human rights. Moreover, the Commission has noted a growing sophistication of the mechanisms designed to hamper, block, or discourage the work of defending and promoting human rights, which is reflected in criminal charges being filed, financing sources for organizations being restricted, and in the absence of adequate and effective mechanisms for their protection. (suite…)

Le 9 mai 2011, le Commissaire aux droits de l’Homme du Conseil de l’Europe a publié un communiqué de presse sur la publication d’un rapport suite à sa visite en Arménie du 18 au 21 janvier 2011. Le rapport porte notamment sur les problématiques droits de l’Homme liées aux événements de mars 2008, à la liberté d’expression, de rassemblement et d’association, et à la situation des droits de l’Homme au sein de l’armée.

Le prochain rapport annuel de la Rapporteure spéciale des Nations unies sur la situation des défenseurs des droits de l’Hommes auprès du Coneil des droits de l’Homme en mars 2011 portera sur les « femmes défenseures et défenseurs travaillant sur les questions liées aux droits des femmes et au genre ».

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Le rapport traite de la responsabilité des violations des droits de l’Homme commises par des acteurs non-étatiques. La partie introductive rappelle que la Déclaration sur le droit et la responsabilité des individus, groupes et organes de la société de promouvoir et protéger les droits de l’homme et les libertés fondamentales universellement reconnus s’adresse non seulement aux Etats et aux défenseurs des droits de l’Homme, mais aussi à tous les individus, groupes et organes de la société. Voir le rapport | Tous les rapports

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